Kinesiology  |  Applied Kinesiology

Kinesiology (ENHANCED EDITION) The Skeletal System and Muscle Function

KINESIOLOGY (ENHANCED EDITION) The Skeletal System and Muscle Function

By Joseph Muscolino, DC, Instructor, Connecticut Center for Massage Therapy, Newington, CT; Owner, LearnMuscles, Redding, CT

This complete, full-color atlas of bones and joints contains over 900 illustrations and explains how muscles function as movers, antagonists, and stabilizers so readers will truly understand how muscles function in the human body. It includes the bones, landmarks, and joints, as well as an introduction to the basics of how muscles function. Kinesiology (Enhanced Edition): The Skeletal System and Muscle Function also provides readers with clinical applications of key kinesiology concepts and important anatomical and physiological terminology that is needed for work in the musculoskeletal field. Plus, in this enhanced edition, users can see major joint movements for themselves on the included DVD!


Key Features
  • Joseph E. Muscolino, DC shares his experience and vast knowledge of musculoskeletal and visceral anatomy, physiology, kinesiology, neurology, and pathology to provide expert information in an understandable format.
  • Includes a DVD with over 60 minutes of video demonstrating all the major joint motions of the human body with an explanation of names, motions, as well as planes and axes in which motion occurs.
  • Emphasizes real-world application so students can take knowledge learned in the classroom straight into practice.
  • Chapter 4 features a complete bone atlas with over 100 photographs of every bone in the human body to give readers comprehensive coverage of bones as well as an invaluable reference tool.
  • Muscolino’s narration on the DVD reviews kinesiology concepts and discusses every joint in the body following the organization of the book’s chapters. Photographs of the bones of the joints are included followed by a model demonstrating their actions. Muscolino emphasizes the necessity of developing clinical thinking skills beyond memorization and has provided the resources to guide students and practitioners to a higher level of understanding and professionalism.


Book Contents

Introduction: Overview of the Human Body


Part I Organization of the Human Body

1. Parts of the Human Body 2. Describing the Body

Part II The Skeleton

3. Bones and Bony Landmarks 4. Bones of the Human Body

Part III Joint Structure and Function

5. Joint Structure 6. Joint Function 7. Joint Movement Terminology 8. Joints of the Axial Body 9. Joints of the Lower Extremity 10. Joints of the Upper Extremity

Part IV Muscle Structure and Function

11. Anatomy and Physiology of Muscle Tissue 12. How Muscles Function?The Big Picture 13. Types of Muscle Contractions 14. Roles of Muscles 15. Determining the Force of a Muscle Contraction 16. The Neuromuscular System 17. Muscles of Respiration and Mastication 18. Posture, the Gait Cycle, and Exercise 19. Microanatomy of Muscle 20. Selected Topics of Kinesiology


Vectors Latin/Greek word roots Lists of Attachments and Actions of Muscles


Dr. Joe Muscolino is a licensed Chiropractic Physician and has been an instructor of musculoskeletal and visceral anatomy, physiology, kinesiology, and pathology courses for the past 20 years. Dr. Muscolino also runs numerous advanced study workshops, including deep tissue workshops, kinesiology seminars, cadaver labs, and in-services for instructors of massage therapy; he is an NCBTMB approved provider toward certification renewal. Dr Muscolino is the author of Kinesiology, the Skeletal System and Muscle Function, The Muscular System Manual, the Skeletal Muscles of the Human Body, 2nd edition, The Musculoskeletal Anatomy Coloring Book,The Musculoskeletal Anatomy Flashcards, and Flashcards for Bones, Joints and Actions of the Human Body. Further, he has a regular column entitled Body Mechanics in the Massage Therapy Journal. See Joe's website

Read Joseph Muscolino's Article

Thoracic Outlet

Palpation of the anterior neck

Stretch your way to better health

The Effects of Postural Distortion

The Shoulder Joint Complex

Pelvic Imbalance





Applied Kinesiology: A Training Manual and Reference Book of Basic Principles and Practices

by Robert Frost PhD

This book is an in-depth introductory manual for students and practitioners of Applied Kinesiology (AK), developed originally by George Goodheart. Official training in AK is limited to those with a degree studying in the institute, now this manual makes AK accessible to all therapists. This manual provides complete with professional photos and graphic diagrams, explains: a short history of AK, detailed theoretical principles, precise "how to" of the fundamental procedures, advanced techniques, 33 muscle tests with specific correction techniques, step by step plan in a therapeutic session, and case histories. Frost has developed a comprehensive guide, mapping out the basic principles and applications whereby the muscles of the body act as indicators of deeper stresses and discomforts that often have their root in muscle weakness.

$ 49


About the Author

Robert Frost received degrees in psychology, biology, and physics from the University of California, Santa Cruz. In 1970, he studies traditional kinesiology with Andre Bernard at New York University. He is a teacher of the Alexander Technique and has trained abroad in Neurolinguistic Programming with Robert Dilts, and others. Since 1998 he has been active in the International College of Applied Kinesiology in Germany, creating courses combining psychology and Applied Kinesiology.

See this book's website:


Review/ Endorsement

"The name of the game, to quote a phrase, is to get people better. The body heals itself in a sure, sensible, practical, reasonable, and observable manner. “The healer within” can be approached from without... It should be done, it can be done, and this book offers a means and a measure of how it can be done. My appreciation to the author and his staff for the excellent job he has performed in advancing these principles, and my best wishes are extended to all who read this manual."

George J. Goodheart, DC, Founder of Applied Kinesiology



Foreword by George J. Goodheart


How Muscles are Tested in Applied Kinesiology
The Development of Traditional Kinesiology or Biomechanics
A Short History of Applied Kinesiology
A Short Discussion of the Anatomy and Physiology of Muscles

Anatomy And Physiology Of The Muscles And Related Structures
Neurophysiology: The Nervous System
Neurophysiology: The Nerve Receptors
Stress Research and Applied Kinesiology
A Change in World View: From Newtonian Mechanics to Quantum Mechanics and Chaos Theory
Biological Medicine and the Systems of Regulation

Muscle Testing: Theory, Procedure and Interpretation
Examiner Prejudice or Impartiality
Applications of Muscle Testing
Therapy Localization
Surrogate Testing

Chapter 4: PRETESTS
How to Prepare an Indicator Muscle for Accurate Testing
A. Is Dehydration Present?
B. Does the Muscle Test Strong “In the Clear”?
C. Can the Muscle be Weakened?
D. Is the Individul Muscle in a Hypertonic State?
Is Neurological Disorganization (Switching) Present?:
E. Ocular Lock
F. Kidney 27 and Ocular Lock Correction
G. Auxiliary K 27
H. Central (Conception) Vessel and Governing Vessel (CG 24, GV 27, GV 1)
Muscle Testing Pretests - A summarized Overview
General Hypertonicity

The Origin-Insertion Technique
Neurolymphatic Reflexes
Neurovascular Reflexes
The Meridian System
Diagnosis of the Reaction to Substances and Other Stimuli
Hidden Problems
Activation of the Right and Left Halves of the Brain
Repeated Muscle Testing
Facial Release or Chill and Stretch Techniques for Muscle Stretch Reaction
Reactive Muscles



Deltoids: Anterior, Middle and Posterior
Gluteus maximus
Gluteus medius
Hamstrings (Medial and Lateral)
Latissimus dorsi
Middle and Lower trapezius
Pectoralis major clavicular
Pectoralis major sternal
Pectoralis minor
Peroneus tertius
Peroneus longus and brevis
Rectus abdominis group
Rectus femoris
Rhomboid major and minor
Serratus anticus
Sterno-Cleido-Mastoideus - Neck Flexors
Tensor fascia lata
Teres major
Teres minor
Trapezius, Lower
Trapezius, Middle
Trapezius, Upper

Anatomical Terminology
Correspondences of Meridians, Muscles, and Organs/Glands
Sedation Points
Step-by-Step Plan for Conducting a Session with AK Techniques
Applied Kinesiology Techniques of Examination and Diagnosis
Additional Tips for the Correcting of Weak-Testing Muscles
How to Improve and Maintain Optimal Health:
General Health Tips for the Therapist to Tell to his Patients
Case Histories
Contact Addresses and Sources
Index Of the Main Muscles Discussed in this Text